Sun Studio is considered the birthplace of rock ‘n’ roll and the career backbone for renowned artists like Elvis, Roy Orbison, B.B. King, Jerry Lee Lewis, and Johnny Cash. Located in Memphis, Tennessee, Sun Records is a must-see location for music lovers. And you can tour the actual studio where many of these artists recorded hits.
History of Sun Studio and Sun Records
Sam Phillips, founded in 1952, founded the Sun Records label. The label shared its home with Sun Studio.
Sun Studio, also opened by Sam Phillips, is a recording studio that was a 1950s rock and roll mecca. Sun Studio. The single Rocket 88 was recorded here by Jackie Brenton and his Delta Cats, with composer Ike Turner playing the keyboards—the single led to Sun Studio’s claim to the birthplace of rock & roll.
Many 1950s artists recorded at Sun Studio, creating a mix of blues and R&B hits. Sun Studio is now a national historic landmark, mainly due to the talent that started their careers. And the unique sound produced.
List Of Artists That Recorded At Sun Studio’s
Many famous and influential artists recorded there, including:
- Elvis Presley
- Johnny Cash
- Jerry Lee Lewis
- Carl Perkins
- Roy Orbison
- Howlin’ Wolf
- BB King
- Rufus Thomas
- Charlie Rich
- Jackie Brenston
- Junior Parker
- Little Milton
- James Cotton
- Billy Lee Riley
- Warren Smith
- Sonny Burgess
- Ray Harris
- The Prisonaires
- The Million Dollar Quartet (Elvis Presley, Johnny Cash, Jerry Lee Lewis, and Carl Perkins)
- Ike Turner
- Rosco Gordon
- Eddie Bond
- Slim Rhodes
- Doctor Ross
- Johnny Burnette
- Malcolm Yelvington
- Onie Wheeler
- Barbara Pittman
- Bill Justis
- Charlie Feathers.
The Elvis Presley Story
At 18, Elvis walked into the Sun Records office and met Marion Keisker (Phillips assistant), the first person to record Elvis.
Elvis intended to pay for a few minutes of studio time to record. There are varying accounts of his ultimate goal, but it’s been said that he intended the recording to be a gift for his mother. Other reports claim he just wanted to know what he sounded like. Some historians claim his real intent was being discovered.
While Keisker recorded, Phillips was unimpressed and did ask Keisker to note Presley’s name, and nothing came of his first recording session at Sun Studio.
At the same time, Phillips searched for new talent that had some of the black recording artists’ blues and soul. Randomly, Phillips asked Keisker to invite Elvis back to record with two local musicians, guitarist Winfield “Scotty” Moore, and upright bass player Bill Black. Phillips was still unimpressed.
That is until Presley took his guitar and launched into a 1949 blues number, Arthur Crudup’s “That’s All Right.”
A Star Is Born
As Elvis played “That’s All Right,” Scotty and Black started playing along. This caught the attention of Philips, who instantly started tapping his feet. At this point, Phillips realized that this was the sound he had been trying to find.
A famous DJ started playing the song on his show three days after the session. It created such a buzz that listeners would call to ask who the singer was. The listeners’ interest reached a stage where the song repeatedly played for hours on the show.
According to popular belief, listeners assumed Elvis was black. No one believed that a white recording artist created the new sound. During interviews on the radio, Philips would have to ask Presley various questions to confirm to the audience that he was indeed white and not black.
Phillips had found what he was searching for.
The End of Elvis Presley and Sun Records
Within months, Sun Records grew significantly, primarily due to the number of records Presley sold. As Presley’s fame grew month by month, Phillips realized that Sun Records was not big enough to handle it. In February 1955, Phillips met with Colonel Tom Parker, an expert in performer management. Parker made Phillips realize that they needed an international label to handle Presley’s fame.
Eventually, Phillips finally sold Presley’s contract. In exchange for a $5,000 down payment and a $35,000 buy-out fee. A recording-breaking amount for someone who still had to prove themselves internationally. Elvis did not want to leave Sun records. However, Phillips needed the money to pay debts from a copyright infringement suit.
The Decline Of Sun Studio
Even after Presley left Sun Records, the studio nurtured young talent. In 1959, Phillips moved Sun Records to a more prominent location. However, he later lost interest in the recording studio and went on to open several radio stations. Sun Studio then lost its reputation for being innovative.
After releasing their last single in 1968, label producer Shelby Singleton purchased Sun Records from Sam Phillips. He then merged his operations into Sun International Corporation. The corporation would re-release and package compilations of the Sun artists. After Singleton moved to Nashville, he sold the larger studio to a plumbing company, which became an auto parts store.
Sun Studio Is Back
Ten years after Presley’s death, the original Sun Studio at 706 Union Avenue was re-opened as a recording studio and tourist attraction. Artists like Def Leppard, John Mellencamp, the Bogus Bros., Chris Isaak, and Silvertone recorded at the Sun. Finally, in 2003, the studio was recognized as a National Historic Landmark tourist attraction.
The Sun Studio Tour
The original Sun Studio and Sun Records Office are open to tourists.
You start in the store where you can buy your tickets and gifts. The tour starts upstairs, where you can view an exhibition full of memorabilia and a reconstructed recording studio. Pass through the narrow staircase to enter a room filled with everything music—beginning from vintage recording equipment to original pressings of the earliest times.
From here, you head downstairs to the entrance of Sun Records and enter the room where Marion Keisker greeted Elvis.
Then you go back to Sun Studio! The tour guide will give you a historical rundown of how Elvis got his start, the recording escapades in the studio, and the historical significance.
Hold the microphone that Presley once held, glance through the gigantic pictures of Perkins, Lewis, Presley, and Cash from the impromptu Million Dollar Quartet while standing at the same place they all once did.
What You Need To Know About The Sun Studio Tour
Sun Studio lies in the Edge District, Memphis, Tennessee. It is a ten-minute drive away from Graceland and close to downtown Memphis.
The tour lasts approximately forty-five minutes to an hour.
Sun Studio Address
706 Union Avenue, Memphis, Tennessee, at the corner of Union and Marshal.
Sun Studio Tickets
- Tickets cost $15 and are purchased on-site and on a first-come, first-served basis.
- There is a $2 discount for students, the military, and AAA.
- Children 5-11 are free. However, children under five are not permitted on the guided tour.
- Free parking is located behind the building. No entrance from Union – access from Monroe Avenue only.
Sun Studio is open seven days a week. Tours begin at the bottom half of every hour from 10:30 – 4:30 and 10:30 – 5:30 on Friday and Saturday.
- Sunday – Thursday 10 am – 5:15 pm
- Friday & Saturday 10 am – 6:15 pm
Visiting Memphis and not taking the Sun Studio tour would be a huge mistake. You will hear the inside stories, experience what it feels like to be in a 50’s recording studio and see and touch some of the equipment. Most importantly, you will encounter where legendary music was made.
If you are a musician, you can record at the studio. While they no longer offer karaoke recording sessions – they still operate the studio at night as a professional recording studio. If you want to record where Elvis recorded, you will need to contact the studio engineer.
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